THE GS TRAM SITE

SAN FRANCISCO AND THE EAST BAY AREA

CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES

flag.us

29 Sept. 1944

The San Francisco area streetcar, cablecar and interurban systems on the day of the merger of the Municipal and Market St. Railways.




UNITED STATES

BOSTON

CHICAGO

CINCINNATI

DENVER

LOS ANGELES

MINNEAPOLIS - ST. PAUL

NEW YORK

NORTHERN NEW JERSEY

PHILADELPHIA

PHOENIX

PORTLAND

SACRAMENTO

SALT LAKE CITY

SAN DIEGO

SAN FRANCISCO

SAN JOSÉ

SEATTLE - TACOMA

WASHINGTON


GS Web Site Home


San Francisco streetcar San Francisco streetcar San Francisco streetcar
San Francisco cable car San Francisco cable car San Francisco streetcar
Oakland interurban Oakland interurban Oakland streetcar

San Francisco tram map - 1944


INSET: DOWNTOWN SAN FRANCISCO

San Francisco 1944 downtown tram map


THE SAN MATEO INTERURBAN

San Mateo 1944 interurban tram map


THE EAST BAY AREA (OVERALL)

San Francisco East Bay 1944 tram map


INSET: OAKLAND AND BERKELEY

Oakland 1944 tram map



I created the above maps by overlaying OpenStreetMap (OSM) maps with my own data. Copyright on the OSM maps is © OpenStreetMap & Contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).

Please note that the OSM map used as a template for these maps corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.


ROUTES


STREETCAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY

B Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Geary St. – Geary Blvd. – 33rd St. - Balboa St. - Ocean Beach
C Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Geary St. – Geary Blvd. – 2nd Av. – California St. – Lincoln Park
D Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Geary St. - Van Ness Av. – Union St. – Greenwich St. – Presidio
E Ferry Bldg. - Washington St. [back: Jackson St. - Embarcadero] - Columbus Av. – Union St. – Presidio
F Scott St. – Chestnut St. – Van Ness Av. – North Point St. – Columbus Av. – Stockton St. – Market St.
H Fort Mason – Van Ness Av. – 11th St. – Potrero Av. – Army St. (now Cesar Chavez St.)
J Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Church St. – 30th St.
K Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – West Portal – Ocean Av.- Brighton Av. – Grafton Av.
L Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – Taraval St. – San Francisco Zoo
N Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Sunset Tunnel - Judah St. – La Playa

Last day of operation of (former) San Francisco Municipal Railway streetcar line E: 9 June 1947.

STREETCAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE MARKET STREET RAILWAY

  1 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Sutter St. – Presidio Av. – California St. – Clement St. – 33rd Av. - Geary Blvd. - 45th Av.
  2 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Sutter St. – Presidio Av. – California St. – Euclid Av. – Clement St. – 33rd Av. - Geary Blvd. – Sutro Station
  3 Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Sutter St. – Fillmore St. – Jackson St. – Presidio Av. - California St.
  4 Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Sutter St. – Fillmore St. – Sacramento St. – 6th Av. – Fulton St. (Golden Gate Park)
  5 Bridge Terminal – Market St. – McAllister St. – Fulton St. – Ocean Beach (Balboa St.)
  6 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Haight St. – Parnassus Av. – Judah St. - 9th Av. – Pacheco St.
  7 Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Haight St. – Lincoln Way – Ocean Beach (Balboa St.)
  8 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Castro St. - 18th St.
  9 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Valencia St. – [Cortland Av. - Banks St.] / [Richland Av. - Andover St.]
11 Ferry Bldg. – Mission St. – 24th St. - Hoffman Av.
12 Ferry Bldg. – Mission St. – Ocean Av. – Sloat Blvd. – San Francisco Zoo
14 Ferry Bldg. – Mission St. – Ocean Av. – Daly City (at San Jose Av.)
16 Jefferson St. - Powell St. - Broadway - Kearny St. - 3rd St. - 19th St. & Illinois St. (Potrero)
17 Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Haight St. – Lincoln Way – 20th Av. – 19th Av. & Wawona St.
19 North Point St. - Polk St. - Post St. - Larkin St. - Market St. [Weekday suppl. service only]
20 SP Terminal – 4th St. – O'Farrell St. [back: Ellis St.] – Divisadero St. – Oak St. [back: Page St.] – Stanyan St. (Golden Gate Park)
21 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Hayes St. – Stanyan St. - Fulton St. – 8th Av. – Clement St.
22 Broadway – Fillmore St. – 16th St. – 18th St. – 3rd St. & 18th St. (Potrero)
25 Ferry Bldg. – Mission St. – 6th St. - Bryant St. - Army St. - San Bruno Av. - Arleta Av.
26 Onondaga Av. & Mission St. - Ocean Av. - San Jose Av. - Daly City
27 Market St. - 2nd St. - Bryant St. - 26th St. - Mission St. [Weekday rush hours only]
31 Ferry Bldg. – Market St. – Eddy S. [back: Turk St.] – Turk St. – Balboa St. – 30th Av.
36 Ferry Bldg. – Embarcadero - Folsom St. - Precita Av. & York St.
41 Market St. - 2nd St. - Brannan St. - 3rd St. - SP Terminal [Weekday rush hours only]

Last day of operation of (former) Market Street Railway streetcar lines abandoned between 29 Sept. 1944 and 1 Jan. 1948:

  • 1945 Jan. 28: 36
  • 1945 Feb. 4: 26
  • 1945 Sept. 29: 19
  • 1945 Oct. 28: 36
  • 1945 Dec. 22: 17
  • 1946 Oct. 7: 15, 16
  • 1947 Sept. 27: 20

SAN MATEO INTERURBAN RAILWAY (OWNED AND OPERATED BY THE MARKET STREET RAILWAY)

40 [Weekday rush hours & weekends: 5th St. & Market St. – Mission St. – Ocean Av. – ] Daly City – Colma - San Bruno - Millbrae - Burlingame - San Mateo (Third & "B" Streets)

The San Mateo Interurban Railway ceased operation on 15 Jan. 1949.

CABLE CAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE MARKET STREET RAILWAY CO.

   Powell & Market – Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] - Mason St. – Bay St.
   Powell & Market – Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] – Alta Plaza Park

CABLE CAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE CALIFORNIA STREET CABLE RAILWAY CO.

California California & Drumm – California St. – Presidio Av.
Jones St. Shuttle Jones & Market – Jones St. – Jones & O'Farrell
O'Farrell/Jones/Hyde O'Farrell & Market – O'Farrell St. – Jones St. – Pine St. – Hyde St. – Beach St.

INTERURBAN ROUTES

Operator: Key System

  A Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - 11th St. (Oakland) - 14th St. - Melrose - Havenscourt
  A1 Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - 11th St. (Oakland) - 3rd Av. & E 18th St.
  B Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (Grand Av. - Trestle Glen Rd.)
  C Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (40th St. - Piedmont)
  E Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Claremont Av. - Claremont Hotel
  F Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Berkeley (Adeline St. - Shattuck Av. - Solano Av. & The Alameda)
  K1 Berkeley (Adeline St. - Alcatraz Av. - College Av. - Bancroft Way - Shattuck Av.)
Shipyard Railway (SR) Emeryville - San Pablo Av. - Albany - El Cerrito - Richmond - Shipyards

The Shipyard Railway was abandoned on 30 Sept. 1945.

Route K was abandoned on 30 Sept. 1946.

1 Also known as numbered route 31

STREETCAR ROUTES IN OAKLAND AND BERKELEY

Operator: Key System

  1 105th Av. Adeline St. - 7th St. - Washington St. - 11th St. [Back: 12th St.] - 14th St. - Melrose - San Leandro (105th Av.)
  2 San Pablo - Ashby 7th St. - Broadway - San Pablo Av. - Ashby Av.
  3 Grove Pine St. - 7th Av. - Broadway - San Pablo Av. - Martin Luther King Way (Grove St.) - University Av. - Oxford St. - Hearst Av. - Arch St.
  4 Shattuck 1st St. - Broadway - Telegraph Av. - Shattuck Av. - Berkeley Stn.
  5 Telegraph 1st St. - Broadway - Telegraph Av. - Bancroft Way - Berkeley Stn.
  6 College 8th St. - Broadway - College Av. - Bancroft Way - Berkeley Stn.
  7 Arlington Arlington Av. / Ardmore Rd. - Martin Luther King Way (Grove St.) - University Av. - - Euclid Av. - Regal Rd.
10 Piedmont 8th Street - Broadway - Piedmont Av. - Piedmont - Hampton Rd.
11 Oakland Av. 9th St. - Broadway - Harrison St. - Piedmont Av.
12 Grand & W 16th Frontage Rd. - 16th St. - 12th St. - Harrison St. - Grand Av. - Oakland Av.
14 E 18th & W 12th Jefferson St. - 12th St. - 14th St. - 18th St. - 14th Av. - 21st St. - 25th Av. - 26th Av. 27th St. - Fruitvale Av.
15 Hopkins Jefferson St. - 12th St. - 14th St. - MacArthur Blvd. - 35th Av.
16 38th Av. MacArthur Blvd. - 38th Av. - E 14th St.
18 Park Blvd. & Lakeshore Oakmore Rd. - Park Blvd. - 11th St. - 12th St. - Broadway - Grand Av. - Walavista Av.

Route 16 (38th Av.) was abandoned on 30 March 1946.

Route 6 (College) was abandoned on 30 Sept. 1946.



CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM

NETWORK LENGTH

  • Streetcar lines (San Francisco): ? km.
  • Streetcar lines (Oakland - Berkeley): ? km.
  • Cable car lines: ? km.
  • Interurban lines (Key System): 106 km.
  • Interurban line (San Mateo): 32 km. (?)


HISTORY

  • San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
  • San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
  • BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
  • Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
  • East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
  • Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
  • San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
  • Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
  • Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?

GAUGE

  • Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
  • Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
  • BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
  • Interurbans: 1435 mm.

TRAM PRESERVATION

The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.

The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles (65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on museum tracks for visitors.


SOURCES

PRINT

  • "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
  • "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
  • Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part I)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 155), p.339-347.
  • Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System", National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
  • Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
  • From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
  • "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
  • Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944", Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
  • Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
  • "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
  • Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
  • "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
  • Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
  • Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
  • Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
  • "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
  • Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
  • Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
  • Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
  • Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
  • Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
  • Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
  • Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.

WIKIS

WEB SITES

Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.



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