THE GS TRAM SITE

SAN FRANCISCO AND THE EAST BAY AREA

CALIFORNIA, UNITED STATES

flag.us

1 Jan. 1955

The San Francisco area streetcar, cablecar and interurban systems after abandonment of streetcar lines D, F and H, and the merger of the two cable-car systems.




UNITED STATES

BOSTON

CHICAGO

CINCINNATI

DENVER

LOS ANGELES

MINNEAPOLIS - ST. PAUL

NEW YORK

NORTHERN NEW JERSEY

PHILADELPHIA

PHOENIX

PORTLAND

SACRAMENTO

SALT LAKE CITY

SAN DIEGO

SAN FRANCISCO

SAN JOSÉ

SEATTLE - TACOMA

WASHINGTON


GS Web Site Home


San Francisco streetcar San Francisco streetcar San Francisco cable car
San Francisco cable car San Francisco streetcar Oakland interurban
   Oakland interurban   

San Francisco tram map - 1955


INSET: DOWNTOWN SAN FRANCISCO

San Francisco 1955 downtown tram map


INSET: OAKLAND AND BERKELEY

Oakland 1955 tram map



I created the above maps by overlaying OpenStreetMap (OSM) maps with my own data. Copyright on the OSM maps is © OpenStreetMap & Contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).

Please note that the OSM map used as a template for these maps corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.


ROUTES


STREETCAR ROUTES

Operator: San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI)

B Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Geary - 33rd Av. - Balboa St. - Ocean Beach [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]
C Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Geary - 2nd Av. - Cornwall St. [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]
J Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Church - 30th St.
K Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – West Portal – Ocean Av.- Phelan Av.
L Bridge Terminal - Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – Taraval St. – San Francisco Zoo
M Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – West Portal – Ocean Av.- 19th Av. - Broad St. - Plymouth Av. [Evenings, Sundays and holidays: Ferry Bldg. - West Portal only]
N Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Sunset Tunnel - Judah St. – La Playa

Last day of operation of San Francisco streetcar lines abandoned between 1 Jan. 1955 and 1 May 1958:

  • 1956 Dec. 30: B, C

CABLE CAR ROUTES

Operator: San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI)

Mason Powell & Market – Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] - Mason St. – Bay St.
Hyde Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] – Hyde St. – Beach St.
California California & Market – California St. – Van Ness Av.

INTERURBAN ROUTES

Operator: Key System

  A Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - 12th St. (Oakland) - 12th St. & Fallon St.
  B Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (Grand Av. - Trestle Glen Rd.)
  C Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (40th St. - Piedmont)
  E Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Claremont Av. - Claremont Hotel
  F Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Berkeley (Adeline St. - Shattuck Av. - Solano Av. & The Alameda)

Last day of operation of Bay Area interurban lines abandoned between 1 Jan. 1955 and 1 May 1958:

  • 1958 Apr. 20: A, B, C, E, F (totality of the system)



CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM

NETWORK LENGTH

  • Streetcar lines (San Francisco): ? km.
  • Cable car lines: 17.2 km.
  • Interurban lines (Key System): 94 km.


HISTORY

  • San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
  • San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
  • BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
  • Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
  • East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
  • Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
  • San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
  • Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
  • Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?

GAUGE

  • Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
  • Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
  • BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
  • Interurbans: 1435 mm.

TRAM PRESERVATION

The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.

The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles (65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on museum tracks for visitors.


SOURCES

PRINT

  • "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
  • "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
  • Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part I)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 155), p.339-347.
  • Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System", National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
  • Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
  • From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
  • "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
  • Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944", Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
  • Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
  • "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
  • Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
  • "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
  • Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
  • Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
  • Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
  • "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
  • Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
  • Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
  • "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
  • Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
  • Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
  • Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
  • Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
  • Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.

WIKIS

WEB SITES

Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.



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Disclaimer: Everything on this site was written and/or prepared at the author's discretion. The author has tried to be accurate where facts are presented, but this does not mean that these facts are necessarily accurate. People needing more reliable information should refer to appropriate sources presented, on the Internet or elsewhere, by authoritative professional or academic bodies.

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