MINNEAPOLIS - ST. PAUL
NORTHERN NEW JERSEY
SALT LAKE CITY
SEATTLE - TACOMA
GS Web Site Home
I created the above map by overlaying an OpenStreetMap (OSM) map with my own data. Copyright on the OSM map is
© OpenStreetMap contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).
Please note that the OSM map used as a template for this map corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time
the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.
Operator: San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)
||Fisherman's Wharf - Embarcadero - Caltrain Station [Heritage streetcar route; daytime service only]
||Fisherman's Wharf - Embarcadero - Market Street - Castro [Heritage streetcar route]
||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Church St. - Balboa Park
||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - Ocean Ave. - Balboa Park (Interworking with line T)
||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - Taraval St. - San Francisco Zoo
||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - 19th Av. -
Broad St. - Balboa Park
||Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Judah St. - Ocean Beach
||Sunnyside St. - Baysview - Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal
(Interworking with line K)
CABLE CAR ROUTES
||Financial District - California St. - Van Ness Av.
||Powell & Market - Powell St. - Hyde St. - Aquatic Park
||Powell & Market - Powell St. - Mason St. - Fisherman's Wharf
BART (SUBWAY) ROUTES
||Richmond – Berkeley - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City/Colma
||Fremont – Oakland Airport - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City
||Richmond – Berkeley - Oakland - Oakland Airport - Fremont
||Pittsburg/Bay Point – Concord - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City
||Dublin/Pleasanton – Oakland Airport - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City - San Franciso International Airport/Millbrae
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM
- Streetcar lines: 50 km.
- Cable car lines: 8 km.
- BART (Subway) lines: 167 km.
- San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
- San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
- BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
- Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street
Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
- East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
- Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
- San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
- Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
- Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?
- Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland
were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
- Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
- BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
- Interurbans: 1435 mm.
The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The
Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the
Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.
The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles
(65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on
museum tracks for visitors.
- "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
- "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
- Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part I)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 155), p.339-347.
- Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System",
National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
- Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
- From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
- "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
- Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944",
Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
- Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
- "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
- Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
- "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
- Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
- Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
- Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
- "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
- Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
- Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
- Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
- Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
- Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
- Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
- Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.
Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages
on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.