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CLASSIFICATION OF WORLD LANGUAGES

CLASSIFICATION OF THE LANGUAGES OF THE WORLD

Afro-Asiatic

Ancient Egyptian Ancient Egyptian, Coptic
Berber Tamasheq (Tuareg), Kabyl, Rif
Chadic Hausa, Mandara
Cushitic Beja, Somali, Oromo (Gallinya)
Omotic Walamo
Semitic Arabic, Hebrew, Maltese, Amharic, Tigre, Tigrinya, Akkadian, Assyrian, Aramaic

Algic

   Yurok, Wiyot, Cree, Ojibwa, Micmac, Fox, Shawnee, Blackfoot

Altaic

Mongolian Classical Mongolian; Moghol, Dagur, Kalmyk, Oirat, Buriat, Khalkha (Modern Mongolian)
Tungus Even, Evenki, Manchu, Orok
Turkic Old Turkish; Turkish, Chuvash, Gagauz, Turkmen, Azerbaijani, Uighur, Uzbek, Bashkir, Tatar, Kazakh, Kirghiz, Yakut, Altai

Andean

  Iquito, Quechua, Aymara, Mapudungu (Araucanian)

Australian

  All the aboriginal languages of mainland Australia (but not of Tasmania)

Austro-Asiatic

Mon-Khmer Vietnamese, Muong, Khmer (Cambodian), Khasi, Nicobarese
Munda Korku, Santali, Mundari, Korwa

Austronesian

Central Malayo-Polynesian Maluku languages (Taliabo, Geser, Kei, Yamdena); Timor-Flores languages (Sikka, Tetun, Letri Lgona); Waima'a; Bima-Sumba languages (Bima, Savu, Manggarai, Ngada)
Formosan Atayal; Tsou; Paiwan
Oceanic Polynesian languages (Samoan, Tahitian, Maori, Hawaiian); Rotuman, Fijian; Micronesian languages (Marshallese, Trukese); Others (Sissano, Motu, Arawe, Simbo)
South Halmahera - NW New Guinea Kaiwai, Onin, Irahutu; Gane, Misool, Waigeo, Waropen
Western Malayo-Polynesian Philippines languages (Tagalog, Cebuano); Sundic languages (Malay, Bahasa Indonesia, Sundanese, Achinese, Javanese); Borneo languages (Melanau); Celebes languages (Bugis, Makassarese); Malagasy

Aztec-Tanoan

  Tanoan, Northern and Southern Paiute, Comanche, Hopi, Nahuatl (Aztec)

Caddoan

  Wichita, Pawnee

Caucasian

North Caucasian Kabardian, Abxaz, Chechen, Ingush,  Avar, Dargwa
South Caucasian Georgian, Mingrelian, Laz

Chibchan-Paezan

  Tarascan, Yanonamö, Timucua, Guaymi, Paez, Cayapa-Colorado, Sanuma, Katio, Chibcha, Cuaiquer

Chimakuan

  Chimakum, Quileute

Chukchi-Kamchatkan

  Chukchi, Kerek, Koryak, Kamchadal

Daic

  Thai, Lao, Zhuang, Northern Thai, Southern Thai, Bouyei, Shan, Zhongjia, Kam, Li

Dravidian

  Brahui, Malto, Gondi, Kuvi, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Toda

Equatorial-Tucanoan

  Cocama, Guarani, Tucano, Ticuna, Apurina, Baniwa, Guajajara, Kaiwa, Nhengatu, Terena

Eskimo-Aleut

  Aleut, Inuit, Yupik

Ge-Pano-Carib

  Chulupi, Vejoz, Toba, Galibi (Carib), Fulnio, Kaingang, Cayapo, Makushi

Gulf

  Yuki, Wappo, Natchez, Choctaw, Muskogee, Tunica

Hokan

  Karok, Shasta, Pomo languages, Washo, Yuma, Seri, Tlapanec

Indo-European

Little-attested European IE languages from antiquity Illyrian, Venetic, Thracian, Dacian, Ligurian
Albanian Albanian
Anatolian Hittite, Luwian, Lycian, Palaic
Armenian Armenian (Classical and Modern)
Baltic Latvian, Lithuanian, Old Prussian
Celtic Old Irish; Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, Breton, Cornish, Gaulish
Germanic Gothic, Old High German, Old English, Old Norse; English, Frisian, Dutch, Afrikaans, German (High), Low German (Plattdeutsch), Danish, Norwegian, Swedish, Faroese, Icelandic
Greek (Hellenic) Greek (Mycenaean and Classical Greek, ancient Greek dialects, Koine, Modern Greek)
Indo-Iranian Sanskrit, Avestan, Old Persian; Prakrit, Pali; Sinhalese, Kashmiri, Marathi, Konkani, Gujarati, Sindhi, Punjabi, Hindi-Urdu, Nepali, Oriya, Bengali, Assamese; Ossetic, Bactrian, Pashto, Baluchi, Kurdi, Farsi (Persian), Tajik; Romani (Gypsy)
Italic Latin, Oscan, Umbrian
Romance Romanian, Italian, Sardinian, Friulian, Romansh, Occitan, Franco-Provençal, French, Catalan, Spanish, Portuguese
Slavic Old Church Slavonic; Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Sorbian, Czech, Slovak, Slovene, Serbo-Croatian, Macedonian, Bulgarian
Tocharian Tocharian (A and B)

Indo-Pacific (Papuan)

  Languages of New Guinea and of islands to its E and W which are not in the Austronesian family; also (possibly) extinct Tasmanian, and the (mostly) extinct languages of the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal.

Iroquoian

  Huron, Mohawk, Seneca, Cayuga, Cherokee

Japanese

  Japanese, Ryukyuan

Khoisan

  Hadza, !Kung (Qxû), Naron

Korean

  Korean

Mayan

  Huave, Totonac, Mixe, Yucatec (and other Mayan languages)

Miao-Yao

  Miao, Laka, Punu, Mien (Yao)

Na-Dene

  Tlingit, Haida, Athabaskan languages (incl. Navajo, Apache)

Niger-Kordofanian

Adamawa-Eastern Sango, Baya
Benue-Congo Swahili, Kongo, Zulu, Xhosa, Lingala, Shona
Gur (Voltaic) Mossi
Kordofanian Kadugli, Rere
Kwa Ga, Yoruba, Igbo, Akan, Ewe
Mande Maninka, Mende
West Atlantic Fulani, Wolof

Nilo-Saharan

  Songhai, Luo, Maasai

Oto-Manguean

  Amuzgo, Otomi, Mazahua, Pame, Mazatec

Penutian

  Yokuts languages, Miwok languages, Klamath, Lower/Upper Chinook, Tsimshian, Zuni

Salish

  Lillooet, Shuswap, Bella Coola, Comox, Sishistl, Squamish, Halkomelem, Straits Salish, Quinault, Tillamook

Sino-Tibetan

Karen Pa-o, Pho, Kayeh
Sinitic Old Chinese;  Mandarin, Yue (Cantonese), Wu, Gan (Hakka), Min
Tibeto-Burman Tibetan, Lepcha, Newari, Dzongkha (Bhutanese); Burmese, Kachin, Lolo, Lepcha; Bodo

Siouan-Yuchi

  Crow, Dakota (Sioux), Yuchi

Uralic

Finno-Ugric Finnish, Estonian, Hungarian, Xanty (Ostyak), Mansi (Vogul), Udmurt (Votyak), Komi (Ziryen), Mari (Cheremis), Mordvin, Saami (Lappish), Votic
Samoyed Nenets, Enets, Selkup, Kamas
Yukaghir Yukaghir

Wakashan

  Kwakiutl, Bella Bella, Heiltsuk, Kitamat, Haisla, Nootka, Nitinat

Language Isolates

  Meroitic (in Africa); Beothuk, Chiquitano, Karankawa, Keres, Kutenai, Timucua (in the Americas); Ainu, Burushaski, Elamite, Gilyak, Hurrian, Ket, Nahali, Sumerian (in Asia); Basque, Etruscan, Pictish (?) (in Europe)

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