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TUNDRIAN LANGUAGE / LINGUA TUNDRIANA

ADJECTIVES
GENDER AND COMPARISON




CONTENTS


GENDER, NUMBER AND CASE

Tundrian adjectives are classified into two categories:

CLASS A ADJECTIVES

Only the singular forms are given: to find the corresponding plural forms, for both the nom. and the acc. case, consult the Nouns and Adjectives - Declension page.

Most adjectives belong to Class A. For those that do not, see under the Class B heading.

Regular feminine formation

Generally speaking, Class A nouns whose masc.sing. ends in a consonant add -a in the feminine. Those whose masc.sing. ends in -o, change it to -a in the fem. Examples:

Irregularities:

CLASS B ADJECTIVES

These adjectives do not change according to gender. For their plural forms, consult the Nouns and Adjectives - Declension page.

 Here is a list of the most common members of this group:

alêr (cheerful), anteriour (previous), assat  (enough) [not used in the plural], atroç (awful), capaç (able), cêleur  (famous), común (common, ordinary), crudeil (cruel), deul  (weak), diffícil (difficult), dûlç (sweet), ênorm (huge, enormous), exsang (bloodless), fácil (easy), fedeil (faithful), fêliyç (happy), fêrtil (fertile), fort (strong), funebre (related to a funeral), gentiyl (gentle, nice), grand (big, large), grâu  (grave, serious), hábil (clever, skillful), hûmil (humble), inferiour (inferior, lower), jôun (young), lêu (light [in weight]), majour (major), melhour (better [comp. of bón (good)]), minour (minor), miyt (mild), móbil (mobile, moveable), moil (soft), nóbil (noble), par (even [number]), piour (worse [comp. of mal (bad)]), suav (mild), sûperiour (superior, upper), trist (sad), útil (useful), vêloç (fast), vird (green), xûmil (alike, similar).

Also, compounds of the above:

impar (odd [number]), inútil (useless), etc.

Adjectives ending with the derivative suffixes -ábil, -al, -ant, -ent, -íbil and -our also belong here:

capábil (capable), natural (natural), abûndant (abundant), circolar (circular), convênient (convenient), terríbil (terrible), conservatour (conservative), etc.

However, adjectives whose similar endings are not suffixal add -a in the fem.:

amar, -a (bitter); car, -a (expensive, dear); content, -a (content); jant, -a (a lot of); lent, -a (slow); mal, -a (bad); sant, -a (holy, sacred); sonour, -a (noisy), etc.


COMPARISON

THE COMPARATIVE

The comparative forms of adjectives are regularly formed by placing the word plus (more) or min (less) in front of the adjective, and the particle que (than) after. Examples:

Four adjectives have irregular comparative forms:

Note that mais and min are invariable for gender, number and case. E.g.: mî amiyc ha mais livros que jo "my friend has more books than myself"; cel ân vi ha min aqua en lo lac qu'el ân passat "this year there is less water in the lake than last year".

THE SUPERLATIVE

The superlative of adjectives is formed by adding the appropriate form of the definite article or the possessive pronoun in front of the comparative:




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