INSET: DOWNTOWN SAN FRANCISCO
INSET: OAKLAND AND BERKELEY
I created the above maps by overlaying OpenStreetMap (OSM) maps with my own data. Copyright on the OSM maps is © OpenStreetMap contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).
Please note that the OSM maps used as a template for these maps corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.
Operator: San Francisco Municipal Railway (MUNI)
|B||Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Geary - 33rd Av. - Balboa St. - Ocean Beach [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]|
|C||Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Geary - 2nd Av. - Cornwall St. [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]|
|D||Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Van Ness - Union - Greenwich St. - Presidio [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]|
|F||Scott St. – Chestnut St. – Van Ness Av. – North Point St. – Columbus Av. – Stockton St. – 4th St. - Townsend St. - SP Terminal [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]|
|H||Bay St. – Van Ness Av. – 11th St. – Potrero Av. – Army St. (now Cesar Chavez St.) [No evening, Sunday or holiday service]|
|J||Bridge Terminal - Market Street - Church - 30th St.|
|K||Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – West Portal – Ocean Av.- Brighton Av. – Onondaga and Mission St. [Some weekday rush-hour and Sunday services to Brighton & Grafton]|
|L||Bridge Terminal - Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – Taraval St. – San Francisco Zoo|
|M||Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Twin Peaks Tunnel – West Portal – Ocean Av.- 19th Av. - Broad St. - Plymouth Av. [Evenings, Sundays and holidays: Ferry Bldg. - West Portal only]|
|N||Bridge Terminal – Market St. – Sunset Tunnel - Judah St. – La Playa|
Last day of operation of San Francisco streetcar lines abandoned between 1 Jan. 1950 and 1 Jan. 1955:
- 1950 March 19: D, H
- 1951 Jan 20: F
- 1951 Aug. 15: K (Brighton branch)
CABLE CAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE SAN FRANCISCO MUNICIPAL RAILWAY
|Powell & Market – Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] - Mason St. – Bay St.|
|Powell & Market – Powell St. – Jackson St. [Back: Washington St.] – Alta Plaza Park|
CABLE CAR ROUTES OPERATED BY THE CALIFORNIA STREET CABLE RAILWAY CO.
|California||California & Drumm – California St. – Presidio Av.|
|Jones St. Shuttle||Jones & Market – Jones St. – Jones & O'Farrell|
|O'Farrell/Jones/Hyde||O'Farrell & Market – O'Farrell St. – Jones St. – Pine St. – Hyde St. – Beach St.|
Last day of operation of San Francisco cable car lines abandoned between 1 Jan. 1950 and 1 Jan. 1955:
- 1954 Feb. 6: Jones Street Shuttle
- 1954 May 16: O'Farrell, Jones & Hyde lines; California line west of Van Ness Av.
Operator: Key System
|A||Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - 12th St. (Oakland) - 14th St. - Melrose - Havenscourt|
|B||Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (Grand Av. - Trestle Glen Rd.)|
|C||Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Oakland (40th St. - Piedmont)|
|E||Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Claremont Av. - Claremont Hotel|
|F||Bridge Terminal (San Francisco) - Bay Bridge - Berkeley (Adeline St. - Shattuck Av. - Solano Av. & The Alameda)|
Last day of operation of Bay Area interurban lines abandoned between 1 Jan. 1950 and 1 Jan. 1955:
- 1950 Oct. 29: A (between Oakland and Havenscourt)
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM
- Streetcar lines (San Francisco): ? km.
- Cable car lines: ? km.
- Interurban lines (Key System): 102 km.
- San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
- San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
- BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
- Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
- East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
- Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
- San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
- Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
- Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?
- Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
- Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
- BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
- Interurbans: 1435 mm.
The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.
The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles (65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on museum tracks for visitors.
- "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
- "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
- Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part 1)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 565), p.339-347.
- Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part 3: Completion)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Jan. 1985 (48: 568), p.16-24.
- Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System", National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
- Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
- From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
- "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
- Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944", Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
- Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
- "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
- Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
- "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
- Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
- Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
- Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
- "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
- Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
- Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
- Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
- Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
- Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
- Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
- Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.
- BayArea Rapid Transit (BART)
- East Bay Electric Lines
- Key System
- List of defunct San Francisco Municipal Railway lines
- List of San Francisco Municipal Railway lines
- Market Street Railway (transit operator)
- Market Street Subway
- Muni Metro
- Sacramento Northern Railway
- San Francisco cable car system
- San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni)
- San Francisco Railway Museum
- Shipyard Railway
- Third Street Light Rail Project
- AC Transit
- BART (San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit)
- Bay Area Rails: Then and now
- The Cable Car Home Page (by Joe Thompson)
- Market Street Railway
- Metropolitan Transportation Commission
- OB&E (Oakland Berkeley & Eastern)
- San Francisco Cable Car Website
- San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)
- San Francisco Railway Museum
Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.
Copyright Gabor Sandi 1998-2019
Disclaimer: Everything on this site was written and/or prepared at the author's discretion. The author has tried to be accurate where facts are presented, but this does not mean that these facts are necessarily accurate. People needing more reliable information should refer to appropriate sources presented, on the Internet or elsewhere, by authoritative professional or academic bodies.
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