INSET: THE BAY AREA (ONLY BART ROUTES ARE SHOWN)
I created the above maps by overlaying OpenStreetMap (OSM) maps with my own data. Copyright on the OSM maps is © OpenStreetMap contributors, licensed under a CC-BY-SA (Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 2.0 licence).
Please note that the OSM maps used as a template for these maps corresponds to the situation at the time the map was downloaded and may show features that did not exist at the time the GS Tram Site is supposed to show. In particular, it may show bridges and highways that were built later.
Operator: San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)
|E||Fisherman's Wharf - Embarcadero - Caltrain Station [Heritage streetcar route; daytime service only]|
|F||Fisherman's Wharf - Embarcadero - Market Street - Castro [Heritage streetcar route]|
|J||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Church St. - Balboa Park|
|K||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - Ocean Ave. - Balboa Park (Interworking with line T)|
|L||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - Taraval St. - San Francisco Zoo|
|M||Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal - 19th Av. - Broad St. - Balboa Park|
|N||Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Judah St. - Ocean Beach|
|T||Sunnyside St. - Baysview - Caltrain Station - Downtown (Embarcadero) - Market Street - Twin Peaks Tunnel - West Portal (Interworking with line K)|
CABLE CAR ROUTES
|C||Financial District - California St. - Van Ness Av.|
|PH||Powell & Market - Powell St. - Hyde St. - Aquatic Park|
|PM||Powell & Market - Powell St. - Mason St. - Fisherman's Wharf|
Operator: San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit District
BART (SUBWAY) ROUTES
|B||BLUE||Dublin / Pleasanton – Bay Fair - Coliseum - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City||G||GREEN||Warm Springs / South Fremont - Fremont – Union City - Hayward - Bay Fair - Coliseum - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City|
|H||H-Line||Coliseum - Oakland International Airport|
|O||ORANGE||Warm Springs / South Fremont - Fremont – Union City - Hayward - Bay Fair - Coliseum - Oakland - MacArthur - Berkeley - Richmond|
|P||PURPLE||San Francisco International Airport (SFO) - Millbrae|
|R||RED||Richmond – Berkeley - MacArthur - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City|
|Y||YELLOW||Antioch - Pittsburg / Bay Point - Concord - Walnut Creek - Orinda - MacArthur - Oakland - Transbay Tube - Embarcadero - Market Street - Daly City - San Francisco International Airport|
NB:(1) The letter codes B, G etc. used above for BART route designations are for convenience only, and are not used by the operator. (2) The H-Line running between Coliseum - Oakland International Airport is a fully-automated cable-driven line that operates on fixed guideways. (3) The Antioch - Pittsburg / Bay Point segment of the Y line, known as eBART, is diesel-operated and has no through-running with the rest of the Y line.
CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SYSTEM
- Streetcar lines: 50 km.
- Cable car lines: 8 km.
- BART (Subway) lines: 175 km.; H-Line: 5.1 km.; eBART: 16.3 km.
- San Francisco streetcars: (horse-drawn) 4 July 1860 - 1882; (electric) 1892 - today.
- San Francisco cable-cars: 1 Sept. 1873 - today.
- BART (Subway): 11 Sept. 1972 - today.
- Key System (Interurbans): 26 Oct. 1903 - (Into San Francisco only from 15 Jan. 1939, following the opening of the Bay Street Bridge on 12 Nov. 1936) - 20 Apr. 1958.
- East Bay Electric Lines (Interurbans) (from Dec. 1938 Interurban Electric Railway (IER)): 1911 - July 1941
- Northern Electric Railroad (Interurbans) (from 1925 Sacramento Northern Railway): 1905 - 1941
- San Mateo Interurban: 27 Apr. 1892 - 15 Jan. 1949
- Oakland-Berkeley streetcars: (horse-drawn) 1869 - 1893; (electric) 1891 - 28 Nov. 1948
- Oakland cable-cars: 1886 - ?
- Streetcars: 1435 mm. (some early streetcar lines of the predecessors of the Key System in Oakland were 1067 mm. [3 1/2"])
- Cable-cars: 1067 mm.
- BART (Subway): 1676 mm.
- Interurbans: 1435 mm.
The San Francisco Railway Museum displays many relics of the streetcar and cable car history of the city. The Market Street Railway operates many historic streetcars over actual line F of the San Francisco streetcar system (Muni). The cable car system has its own museum at the Cable Car Museum at Washington and Mason.
The Western Railway Museum in Rio Vista Junction, Suisun City, about 40 miles (65 km.) north-east of San Francisco, has both restored heritage streetcars and interurbans in its collection, running them on museum tracks for visitors.
- "Around San Francisco Bay", The Bulletin - National Railway Historical Society, 1970 (35: 2), p.10-52.
- "Balancing act on Fillmore", Inside Track, 2014 (No.1), p.7-10.
- Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part 1)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Oct. 1984 (47: 565), p.339-347.
- Currington, B. "San Francisco Municipal Railway modernisation (Part 3: Completion)", Modern Tramway & Light Rail Transit, Jan. 1985 (48: 568), p.16-24.
- Demoro, H.W. "A documented account of the conversion from rail service to motor bus bv the Key System", National Railway Bulletin, 1979 (44: 6), p.4 - 44.
- Dodge, J.W. et al. "Key System interurban lines", The Western Railroader, date ?, p.3-14.
- From shore to shore: The Key Route [San Francisco (?)]: Peralta Associates, 1948.
- "East Bay transit: Oakland-Berkeley streetcars, 1937-1948", The Western Railroader, May 1973 (36: issue 397), p.2-8.
- Laflin, A.H. (Jr) "A chronology of changes in San Francisco Street RY routes since 1944", Timepoints Special Reference Supplement No. 7, June 1953.
- Laubscher, R. On track - A field guide to San Francisco's historic streetcars & cable cars. Berkeley: Heyday, 2014.
- "Los Angeles and San Francisco", The Modern Tramway, Nov. 1949 (12: 143), p.221-224.
- Market Street Railway Co. [Timetable and route map]. San Francisco, May 1941.
- "Municipal Railway of San Francisco", The Western Railroader, Aug. 1961 (24: 8), p.2-12.
- Rice, W. "Andrew Smith Hallidie's cable legacy", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 1999 (67: 736), p.136-139.
- Rice, W. "San Francisco rail is moving forward", Tramways & Urban Transit, Sept. 1998 (61: 729), p.336-339.
- Rice, W. & Echeverria, E. The Key System: San Francisco and the Eastshore Empire. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2007.
- "Richmond Shipyard Railway", The Western Railroader / The Western Railfan, Sept. 1981 (44: 491), p.1-8.
- Russell, M. "San Francisco's decade of achievement", Tramways & Urban Transit, Apr. 2010 (73: 868), p.156-157.
- Russell, M. "Waterfront torpedoes", Tramways & Urban Transit, Feb. 2017 (80: 950), p.76-77.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway, 1950-1964", The Western Railroader, Jan. 1965 (28: 1), p.2-16.
- "San Francisco Municipal Railway - Merger of 1944", The Western Railroader, 1963 (26: ?), p.2-24.
- Sappers, V. Key System streetcars Berkeley: Signature Press, 2007.
- Smallwood, C. The White Front cars of San Francisco Glendale (CA): Interurbans, 1978
- Townley, R.P. San Francisco transit milestones Manuscript, 2005.
- Vielbaum, W., Hoffman, P., Ute, G. & Townley, R. San Francisco's Market Street Railway. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2004.
- Vielbaum, W., Townley, R., Rice, W., Echeverria, E. & Holmgren, D. San Francisco's interurban to San Mateo. Charleston (NC): Arcadia Publishing, 2005.
- BayArea Rapid Transit (BART)
- East Bay Electric Lines
- History of Bay Area Rapid Transit
- Key System
- List of defunct San Francisco Municipal Railway lines
- List of San Francisco Municipal Railway lines
- Market Street Railway (transit operator)
- Market Street Subway
- Muni Metro
- Sacramento Northern Railway
- San Francisco cable car system
- San Francisco Municipal Railway (Muni)
- San Francisco Railway Museum
- Shipyard Railway
- Third Street Light Rail Project
- AC Transit
- BART (San Francisco Bay Area Rapid Transit)
- Bay Area Rails: Then and now
- The Cable Car Home Page (by Joe Thompson)
- Market Street Railway
- Metropolitan Transportation Commission
- OB&E (Oakland Berkeley & Eastern)
- San Francisco Cable Car Website
- San Francisco Municipal Transportation Agency (SFMTA)
- San Francisco Railway Museum
Special thanks to Bob Townley of Fairfield, CA for his kind suggestions for improving these pages on the history of the rail-based urban transit network of the San Francisco area.
Copyright Gabor Sandi 1998-2019
Disclaimer: Everything on this site was written and/or prepared at the author's discretion. The author has tried to be accurate where facts are presented, but this does not mean that these facts are necessarily accurate. People needing more reliable information should refer to appropriate sources presented, on the Internet or elsewhere, by authoritative professional or academic bodies.
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